163. +Connie ISAAC ?
164. JACKEL Brothers : -George Oliver JACKEL, Horace James JACKEL, philospher peasant, pacifist & preacher, Cockatoo, VIC, Cecil William JACKEL, Evangelist, Minister, Wallace Edgar JACKEL evangelist, apologist, preacher
165. =Thomas JAMES, Mauritious-Mologa NSW- Melbourne
166. + Thomas Shadrach Peersahib JAMES Moama, NSW
Thomas Shadrach JAMES
Parents: Samson PEERSAHIB, Interpreter & Miriam Esther THOMAS
Born: 1 September 1859 Moka, Mauritius
Heritages: Indian Tamil, French Colonial, British Indian, Australian Aboriginal
Language: 1. Tamil, 2. French, 3. English 4. Bangerang Yorta-Yorta
Education: Private school, Port Louis, Mauritius
Position: Maloga Mission with the Matthews, Barmah, Mooroopna
Qualities: Gentleness, Sensitivity, Grace, Freedom from prejudice
Leader of Aboriginal Missionary Band
Wife: Ada Bethel COOPER , daughter of William COOPER & Kitty THOMAS of the Bangerang people, later appointed Domestic science teacher at Cumeragunga
Christianity, Methodist; Baptist, Churches of Christ.
Married; 14th May 1885 at Maloga, NSW
Children: 8: -
1. Miriam Esther James 1886 Maloga, near Moama - married William MORRIS 1905. (later Mrs MORGAN) Died 1855 Mooroopna @ 38 yrs
2. Priscella James 1888 Maloga, near Moama
3. Shadrach Livingstone James 1890 Maloga, near Moama; - married Maggie CAMPBELL 1909 in Victoria. Died 1956 Geelong age 66
4. Rebecca Edith James 1894 Maloga, near Moama (Mrs Percy Vernon COE 1918)
5. Louisa L James 1895 Maloga,
6. Garfield Cornelius James 1900 Maloga, Moama. Died 1918 Echuca, Vic. @ 17 yrs
7. Ivy Abigail James 1902 Maloga, Moama (m.1926 Mrs William LEE) Died 1938 Mooroopna Vic. @ 29 yrs
8. Thomas Carey James 1908 Maloga, near Moama. Died 1981 Mooroopna Vic. @ 72 yrs
Writings: -Thomas S. JAMES, "Heritage in Stone" -on Aboriginal culture
Correspondent with Daniel Matthews
Medical advisor; Herbalist, healer in treatment of arthritis
“The teacher is popular and esteemed. Also, he acts as medical advisor; his influence is very beneficial. There are 50 children enrolled 44% attending.
Died: 9 January 1946 at Shepparton, Victoria, age 88
Buried: Cumeroogunga Cemetery, NSW
His wife Ada Bethel COOPER JAMES predeceased him, dying at age 74 at Mooroopna in 1942.
Buried: Cumeroogunga Cemetery, NSW
From ADB Online - Australian Dictionary of Biography
Thomas Shadrach James (1859-1946)
Alternative Names: Peersahib, Shadrach James
Birth: 1 September 1859 Moka, Mauritius
Death: 9 January 1946 Shepparton, Victoria, Australia
Cultural Heritage : Mauritian
Religious Influence: Methodist
Occupation : herbalist, Methodist lay leader, schoolteacher
James, Thomas Shadrach (1859–1946)
by George E. Nelson
This is a shared entry with Shadrach Livingstone James
Thomas Shadrach James (1859-1946), schoolteacher, and Shadrach Livingstone James (1890-1956), Aboriginal activist, were father and son. Thomas was born on 1 September 1859 at Moka, Mauritius, son of Samson Peersahib, an Indian interpreter, and his wife Miriam Esther, née Thomas (d.1876). Named Shadrach James Peersahib, he received his early education at a private school in Port Louis. When his mother died and his father remarried, he boarded a boat for Australia.
Soon after he arrived, Shadrach contracted typhoid fever. He was befriended by Aboriginal people who treated him with a traditional herbal medicine (old man weed). Having recovered, he dropped the surname Peersahib in favour of James and adopted the Christian name Thomas in memory of his mother. In 1881 he met Daniel Matthews, a Cornish missionary who was conducting a revival meeting on the beach at Brighton, Melbourne. James responded to his request for a volunteer teacher at the Maloga Aboriginal School, New South Wales, where he worked for the next two years without payment. On 1 October 1883 he was appointed head teacher by the Department of Public Instruction. He married Ada Bethel Cooper on 14 May 1885 at Maloga with Presbyterian forms.
When the Maloga residents were shifted in 1888 to the government reserve, Cumeroogunga, James reopened his school there and educated a number of Aborigines who were to become active in the early political movement: they included his wife, brother-in-law William Cooper, and later Jack Patten, James's nephew (Sir) Douglas Nicholls, and Eric and William Onus, founders (1933) of the Australian Aborigines' League. James also served as a Methodist lay preacher. He conducted a dispensary on Cumeroogunga mission and assisted visiting doctors to perform minor operations.
After his retirement from teaching in 1922, James moved to Barmah, Victoria, and then to Melbourne. He set up a visiting herbal and masseur business from his North Fitzroy home and specialized in the treatment of arthritis. While in Melbourne he published a book on Aboriginal culture, Heritage in Stone. Survived by his two sons and four daughters, he died on 9 January 1946 at Shepparton and was buried in Cumeroogunga cemetery with the forms of the Churches of Christ.
Thomas's and Ada's third child and eldest son, Shadrach, was born on 15 May 1890 at Cumeroogunga. He received his early education at his father's school before passing the teachers' examination and working under him as his assistant. At Christ Church, Echuca, Victoria, on 15 December 1909 he married Maggie Campbell with Anglican rites. In their North Fitzroy home, Shadrach and his father gathered together a small pioneering group of politically minded Aboriginal people. On behalf of the group, Shadrach addressed various organizations and lobbied for improvements to the conditions under which Aborigines lived and worked.
In 1928 Shadrach moved with his family to Mooroopna, in the Goulburn Valley, to obtain employment in the fruit-picking and canning industry. He took a position at the Ardmona Fruit Products Co-operative Co. Ltd. Because of his education and capacity for public speaking, he was elected secretary of the local branch of the Food Preservers' Union and vice-president of the Goulburn district council. To the local Aboriginal people he became spokesman, lobbyist, legal adviser and representative, organizer of functions and letter writer.
As honorary secretary (1928-55) of the Aboriginal Progressive Association of Victoria, James persisted with his appeals, in copperplate handwriting. He asked for full education standards for Aborigines and the teaching of technical subjects, for land and the facilities to develop it, and for employment of Aborigines in the public service. He also advocated Federal rather than State responsibility for Aborigines, Aboriginal representation in parliament, and equal rights and citizenship for all Aborigines in the Commonwealth. He recommended payment of the maternity allowance to Aboriginal women, recognition of tribal law in the Northern Territory, and the appointment of educated Aborigines to the Department of Native Affairs. His requests were dismissed by government officials, one of whom minuted: 'S. L. James is not an Aboriginal . . . His father is an Indian and his mother is a half-caste Aboriginal'. James died of myocardial infarction on 7 August 1956 at Geelong and was buried with Presbyterian forms in Mooroopna cemetery; his wife, three sons and two of his four daughters survived him.
N. Cato, Mister Maloga (Brisb, 1976)
Historical Society of Mooroopna, Mooroopna to 1988 (Shepparton, Vic, 1989)
Aboriginal and Islander Identity, 3, Jan 1979
Australian Historical Studies, 25, no 101, Oct 1993
James letters, 1926-56, A431/1 item 49/686, and A659/1 item 45/1/4924 (National Archives of Australia)
167. Edwin JANE India-Pacific railway Chaplian Kalgoorlie WA
168. = Jean Marie JANNY, Disaster Bay, WA- German Monk & Missionary
"When the French Trappists arrived in 1892 they selected neither Disaster Bay nor Lombadina, but Beagle Bay. Fr. Jean Marie moved to Disaster Bay in 1897 where Thomas Puertollano had an established property. Although the Bishop had acquired its pastoral lease, no Trappists were at Lombadina. In 1900 the Trappists returned to France and only Fr. Nicholas Emo, who was still quite junior among the Trappists remained in the Kimberley. Fr. Jean Marie Janny also returned to Australia to assist in the sale of the Broome and Beagle Bay property to the Pallottines.
1896 Fr Jean Marie Janny, believing that the Trappists first responsibility in Australia was to the Aborigines, sets about establishing a new mission around the spring country of the Nimanboor on Disaster Bay using the grant of reserve land with 2,002 acres that Bishop Gibney had already secured.
With the help of various tribal groups a new mission, set among scrubby dunes within sound of the sea, is built. The mission is named, the Assumption of our Lady, in honour of the day it opens.
Fr. Jean Marie returned to Disaster Bay and moved this station to Lombadina, Nailon thinks perhaps in 1902. He accompanied a population of Bardi and Nimambor people and Thomas Puertollano and his family from Disaster Bay.4 Perhaps this was the time when Thomas Puertollano acquired the Lombadina pastoral lease, as Durack recollects, from the Pallottines. Janny was still there at Lombadina July 1906, supported by Thomas and Agnes Puertollano."
169. "JIBANYAMA" + James JAPANMA, Roper Bar NT
"JIBANYAMA" + James JAPANMA
From: Australian Dictionary of Evangelical Biography
JAPANMA, James (1885-1962)
(b. Anhem Land, NT, c. 1885;
d. Roper River Mission, NT, March 1962). Aboriginal evangelist.
James Japanma was part of the first group of Aboriginal people to seek refuge at the Roper River Mission (now Ngukurr), established by CMS in 1908. In the ten years prior to 1908, most of the Aboriginal people of the region had been systematically massacred by the organised hunting gangs of the Eastern and African Cold Storage Company.
Coming to the new mission as a young man, James showed an early interest in the Christian faith. He was baptised by the Rev R Birch at the mission's first baptismal service on 11 May 1913. James profited greatly from the educational opportunities offered at the mission. Within a few years, he was acting as a teaching assistant in the school. In the 1930s, when there were severe staff shortages at the mission, James ran the school single-handedly in the absence of a trained teacher. When Helen Alder arrived to take over the school in 1941, she wrote 'James ... has been teaching them. All the older ones write well ... a foundation has already been laid.' (Open Door, Oct 1941)
James was now freed to undertake itinerant evangelism among people living in the surrounding cattle stations. In 1944, he travelled further afield, to preach the gospel to the Nunggubuyu people at Rose River. James was made a lay reader, and assumed full responsibility for church services during the frequent absences of clergy from the mission.
In 1953, James was one of four Roper River men chosen for possible ordination. Two controversies prevented this from proceeding. One was the confrontation between the evangelical CMS and the Anglo-catholic bishop of Carpentaria over the type of training; the other was the bishop's stipulation that theological training be undertaken away from the mission for six years. It is a tragedy that godly men such as James Japanma were not finally ordained, a tragedy which adversely affected spiritual growth on the CMS missions.
* Keith Cole, Roper River Mission (Melbourne, 1968);
* Keith Cole, From Mission to Church (Bendigo, 1985);
* John Harris, One Blood (Sutherland, 1990)
- by John HARRIS
* Northern Territory Dictionary of Biography Vol One:
by Keith COLE
Johannes 'John' JOBST - Luftwaffe Pilot; Bishop of Broome, W.A.
170. + Frank JOHNSON, Kimberleys WA
171. Fr Richard JOHNSON, First fleet chaplain, NSW
Richard Johnson (chaplain) (b. circa 1756 - 13 March 1827 in England)
Chaplain Richard Johnson
WIKI - Richard Johnson (b. circa 1756 - 13 March 1827 in England) was the first Christian cleric in Australia.
Johnson was the son of John and Mary Johnson. He was born in Welton, Yorkshire and educated at Hull Grammar School under Joseph Milner. In 1780 he entered Magdalene College, Cambridge as a sizar and graduated in 1784. His first post was as curate of Boldre, where William Gilpin was vicar. After about a year in Boldre, Johnson moved to London to work as assistant to Henry Foster, an itinerant evangelical preacher.
Johnson was appointed chaplain of the prison colony at New South Wales in 1788. This appointment was due, in large part, to the influence of the Eclectic Society and two notable men, John Newton and William Wilberforce, who were keen for a committed evangelical Christian to take the role of chaplain. Johnson sailed with the First Fleet and arrived in Australia in 1788.
Governor Arthur Phillip had first of all to find means of feeding and housing the soldiers and convicts and labour could not be spared for the building of a church. Services were held in the open air and even four years later, when Johnson appealed to Phillip for churches at both Sydney and Parramatta, he had no success. Under lieutenant-governors Grose and Paterson, Johnson was in even worse case. Grose made vague charges against him and Johnson made many complaints about the treatment he received.
He was given a grant of land and worked it so successfully with the help of some convict labour that, in November 1790, Captain Tench called him the best farmer in the country. He planted seeds of oranges and lemons he had obtained at Rio de Janeiro, which later on produced good crops of fruit, and occasional references are found to his having made a fortune by his farming; this is certainly an overstatement, though he sold his land and stock to good advantage when he left the colony.
In June 1793, tired of waiting on the authorities, he began to build a church himself, and by September completed a building capable of holding 500 people at a cost of about £67. Even allowing for the difference in the purchasing power of money and the comparative flimsiness of the structure, this was a remarkable achievement. This church was burnt down in 1798. Johnson, with his wife Mary, taught between 150 and 200 school children in this church.
An assistant chaplain, the Reverend Samuel Marsden, was appointed in the same year and arrived early in 1794; and henceforth Johnson had the support of a stronger personality than his own. In 1794 he published An Address to the Inhabitants of the Colonies established in New South Wales and Norfolk Island and, in 1800, obtained leave of absence to visit England. He sailed on the Buffalo in October and did not return to Australia. In June 1802 King in a dispatch said: "I understand that Rev'd Mr Johnson does not mean to return." Practically he retired in 1802, but so late as July 1805 he appears on a list of officers as "On leave in England, no successor or second clergyman appointed".
After returning to England, in about August 1801 Johnson took up a curacy with the Reverend Thomas Dykes of St John's, Hull. During this time he had opportunity to influence William Cowper, who became the third chaplain to New South Wales after being recruited by Samuel Marsden. In November 1803 Johnson was curate at Bunwell, Norfolk, a position he occupied until he moved to West Thurcock, Essex, in April 1809. In 1810 he was presented by the king to the united parishes of St Antholin and St John Baptist, in London. He never served as a curate at Ingham, despite oft-repeated claims to the contrary. The Richard Johnson who served at Ingham was a different person.
Johnson continued to take an interest in Australia, appearing before the House of Commons Select Committee on Transportation in 1812 and in 1815 he recommended John Youl to be chaplain at Port Dalrymple. He died on 13 March 1827.
Johnson preached the very first sermon on his new soil (then the colony of New South Wales) on Sunday, 3 February 1788. The sermon (commemorated by a plaque) was on Psalm 116:12; "What shall I render unto the Lord for all that he has done for me?"
Johnson is commemorated in Sydney by Richard Johnson Place, which is on the corner of Bligh and Hunter Streets in Sydney.
Richard Johnson Anglican School in Oakhurst, Sydney is named after him.
Serle, Percival (1949). "Johnson, Richard". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson.
Richard Johnson - Chaplain to the Colony of New South Wales by Neil K. Macintosh, 1978.
Australian Christian Life from 1788 - An Introduction and an Anthology by Iain H. Murray, The Banner of Truth Trust, Edinburgh 1988.
Peter G. Bolt, The Case of the Disappearing Chaplain: Reverend Richard Johnson's "Missing Years", Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society 95.2 (2009), 176-195.
172. Seaman's Chaplain Kerr JOHNSTON , Port Melbourne
Reverend Chaplain Kerr JOHNSTON Seaman's Mission, Melbourne
Born: 26 August 1812 Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland
Cultural Heritage: Mediterranean-European Judeo-Christian, Scottish- English Anti-establishmentarianism
Christianity: Baptist, Congregational
Education: University of Glasgow; Glasgow Theological Academy under Dr Ralph Wardlaw
Ordination: as pastor, Bethel Baptist Chapel, Shipley
Occupation : Seamen's Mission Chaplain, Baptist minister, temperance advocate
Marriage: 4 August 1842 parish church, Berwick-on-Tweed, England
Wife: Eliza Denovan GOWAN
Immigration : 1852 to Hobart Town, VDL, Australia
Theatres of activity: 1. Berwick on Tweed, & Birdhopecraig, Northumberland
2. Bethel Baptist Chapel, Shipley
3. 1853 Harrington Street Particular Baptist Church, Hobart Town, VDL;
4. Hobart Bethel Union Seamen's Mission;
5. February 1857 Seamen's Mission, Port Melbourne
Children: 1. Arthur Byram Johnston 1842-1924;
2. Margaret Gowan Johnston 1844-1861;
3. Eliza Johnston b.1846;
4. Lydia Johnston b. 1857;
5. Janet Johnston married Aboriginal Maloga missionary, Daniel Matthews:
6. Mary Johnston 1850-1926;
7. Kerr Johnston (1854-1889) became a Methodist Clergyman in Canada;
8. Robert William Johnston b, 1855;
9. Isabella Delgarno Johnston b.1858 Williamstown Vic. later married journalist & arts critic, Charles Nalder Baeyertz, son of the evangelist Emilia Baeyertz.
Melbourne Residence: the Mission ship "EMILY" - 'Painted yellow, with 'Bethel Sailors Church' inscribed on each side, the Emily flew the blue Bethel flag emblazoned with a white star and dove with olive branch. A chapel with a blue-draped pulpit was created in the hold. For two and a half years, the Johnston family, with eight children, three servants and livestock, also lived in the vessel, moored between Williamstown and Sandridge (Port Melbourne).'
Qualities: Courage, Intrepid Spirit, Resourcefulness, Evangelistic Faithfulness.
Particular Contribution: attended the 'wild man' William Buckley on his deathbed
Cross: some Sectarian narrowness; Criticism; 'Romish opposition'
Death: 9 October 1887 Kew, Boroondara, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Burial: Melbourne General Cemetery
Legacy: strength of the Seaman's Mission, Bible Society, Temperance movement; the Matthews Maloga & other Murray River Aboriginal missions
From Australian Dictionary of Biography - ADB Online -
Johnston, Kerr (1812–1887)
by Walter Phillips
Kerr Johnston (1812-1887), seamen's mission chaplain, was born on 26 August 1812 at Greenock, Renfrew, Scotland, sixth son of William Johnston, printer and publisher, and his wife Elizabeth, formerly Thomson. After his schooling, Kerr learned bookbinding in his father's business and became a member of the George Street Congregational Church, Greenock. In 1837-40, supporting himself by his trade, he took classes at the University of Glasgow and studied at Glasgow Theological Academy under Dr Ralph Wardlaw, a prominent Scottish opponent of religious establishments. Ordained on 23 January 1842, Johnston became minister of Mill Street Congregational Church, Perth. He married Eliza Denovan Gowan, daughter of a shipbuilder, on 4 August 1842 in the parish church, Berwick-on-Tweed, England. In 1847 he moved to Birdhopecraig, Northumberland. Having come to doubt the validity of infant baptism, he was baptized by his brother Robert, a Baptist minister, in Well Lane Chapel, Beverley, Yorkshire, on 9 April 1848. Johnston then became pastor of Bethel Baptist Chapel, Shipley. Late in 1852 he migrated to Australia and became pastor of the Harrington Street Particular Baptist Church in Hobart Town in May 1853.
Johnston had arrived in Van Diemen's Land in time to take part in the abortive campaign against state aid to religion, denouncing 'the unholy compact' between church and state as well as the proposal to subsidize truth and error indiscriminately. He entered wholeheartedly into evangelical inter-denominational events and agencies such as the Bible Society, the temperance movement and, it is claimed, attended the 'wild man' William Buckley on his deathbed. Johnston's particular interest was the Hobart Bethel Union Seamen's Mission, a branch of the agency that George Fife Angas helped to found. Johnston left Hobart in February 1857 to set up a mission to seamen in Melbourne.
There several retired captains and merchants as well as Bishop Charles Perry supported the proposal and the Victorian Bethel Union enjoyed the patronage of the governor and the United States consul. The colonial government provided a hulk, a former American clipper, for use as 'a floating Bethel'. Painted yellow, with 'Bethel Sailors Church' inscribed on each side, the Emily flew the blue Bethel flag emblazoned with a white star and dove with olive branch. A chapel with a blue-draped pulpit was created in the hold. For two and a half years, the Johnston family, with eight children, three servants and livestock, also lived in the vessel, moored between Williamstown and Sandridge (Port Melbourne).
The seamen's mission, essentially non-denominational but emphatically Protestant, opened in the Bethel ship on 1 July 1857; Perry delivered the sermon. Subsequently known as the Victorian Seamen's Mission, it moved ashore at Sandridge early in 1860, using a boatshed as a temporary chapel until the Mariners' Church opened in November. As well as preaching there, Johnston visited ships to distribute Bibles and evangelical tracts, particularly temperance literature, and sometimes preached to small groups. Occasionally he met with 'some Romish opposition'. Once criticized by a Church of England minister as a sectarian, he defended his position as a teacher of essential Christianity, asserting that the mission aimed to disseminate the Gospel among sailors 'apart from sectional differences'.
Johnston joined the Evangelical Alliance when it formed in Melbourne and regretted its demise in the 1860s. The interest of the Protestant churches in the mission soon waned, though he worked tirelessly, building the seamen's mission into a significant agency. He retired in December 1885 with a gift of £100 from the committee. Johnston died on 9 October 1887 at his home in Kew and was buried with Congregational forms in Melbourne general cemetery. His wife and seven of their ten children survived him; a daughter (Janet) married Daniel Matthews, missionary to Aborigines, and a son (Kerr) became a Methodist minister in Canada.
* A. E. Brown, Garnered Sheaves (Melb, 1935)
* N. Cato, Mister Maloga (Brisb, 1976)
* W. D. McNaughton, The Scottish Congregational Ministry 1794-1993 (Glasgow, Scotland, 1993)
* Victorian Seamen’s Mission, Annual Report, 1846, 1875
* Southern Cross (Melbourne), 19 Dec 1885, 14 Oct 1887
Argus (Melbourne), 2 July 1857, p 5, 19 Nov 1860, p 5, 25 Feb 1864, p 5, 29 Feb 1864, p 7
* Janet Matthews’ diaries and memoirs in Norman family papers, PRG 422 (State Library of South Australia).
172+. Sir David Fletcher JONES, Warrnambool VIC
Born: 14 August 1895 Bendigo, Victoria, Australia
Death: 22 February 1977 Warrnambool, Victoria, Australia
173. ‘Jimmy The Possum” David James JONES, 1901-1982 Wentworth NSW
174. 'The VIKING KING of VAN DIEMENS LAND' Jørgen JØRGENSEN Born 29 March 1780 Kopenhagen, Denmark – Died 20 January 1841 in the Colonial Hospital, Hobart Town, Van Diemens Land (Tasmania) - Adventurer, Emancipist, Writer of Religious Works, Dogs Days Revolutionary King of Iceland, Whaler, Sailor, Captian, Entrepreneur, Preacher,
175. +Pompo KATCHEWAN , Yarrabah, QLD
175+. 'Bob' Robert Cummin KATTER (1918-1990)
'Bob' Robert Cummin KATTER (1918-1990)
Parents: Carlyle Assad Robert Katter, Mount Lebanon-born Assyrian (Chaldean) draper & Qld-born, Bridget Mary Vivian née Warby
Born: 5 September 1918 South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Cultural Influence: Assyrian (Chaldean), Nestorian Christianity, Lebanese Marionite,
Christianity: Nestorian, Marionite & Catholic
Occupation: storekeeper, businessman, army lieutenant, mens' wear draper, picture theatre operator, country politician, Cloncurry Shire Councillor, local government head, Member of Lower House
Marriage: 22 April 1944 Church of the Holy Spirit, New Farm, Brisbane
Wife: Mabel Joan Horn
Remarriage: 1st wife died 1971. married 1976 'Joy' Joycelyn Marjorie Steel
Family: 1st: Norman, Bob, Geraldine. 2nd: Carl, Richard, Bernadette
Death: 18 March 1990 Mount Isa, Queensland, Australia
Burial: Sunset lawn cemetery, Mt Isa, Queensland
1. People's political policy i.e. provision of housing for pensioners
2. advocacy of Aboriginal Rights ahead of his time
3. removed steel partitions dividing Aborigines from theatre patrons.
4. practical, no-nonsense sympathetic Christian conservative political advocacy
5. son 'Bob' Katter, followed him to the House of Representatives, 1993.
From: Australian Dictionary of Biography - ADB Online -
Katter, Robert Cummin (Bob) (1918–1990)
by Paul D. Williams
Robert Cummin (Bob) Katter (1918-1990), businessman and politician, was born Cummin Katter on 5 September 1918 in South Brisbane, fourth child of Carl Robert Katter, a Lebanese draper, and his locally born wife Vivian Bridget, née Warby. He became known as Robert Cummin Katter. The family later moved to Cloncurry to run a general store. Bob was educated at Mount Carmel College, Charters Towers, where he excelled at athletics, Rugby League football and debating. On matriculation, he returned to Brisbane to enrol in law at the University of Queensland but his studies were interrupted by war. Having enlisted in the Militia in October 1936, he was appointed as a lieutenant in April 1940. He was called up for full-time duty in September 1941 and promoted to temporary captain but his appointment was terminated on medical grounds in July 1942. Returning to Cloncurry, he leased a clothing store and, later, a picture theatre. On 22 April 1944 at the Church of the Holy Spirit, New Farm, Brisbane, he married with Catholic rites Mabel Joan Horn.
Politics soon beckoned. Belonging to a family that boasted an engagement with Labor politics from the 1891 shearers’ strike, Bob joined the Australian Labor Party and later became its Cloncurry branch secretary. In 1946 he was elected to the Cloncurry Shire Council; he served as chairman in 1949-52 and again in 1964-67. As Australia’s youngest local government head, Katter oversaw numerous advances, including the provision of housing for pensioners. His advocacy of Aboriginal rights also marked him as ahead of his time; for example, he raised eyebrows when he removed from his theatre the steel partitions dividing Aborigines from other patrons. In the late 1950s he hosted his own community radio program, `Katter’s Candid Comments’.
Following a short stint as a union delegate on the Brisbane wharves, Katter moved towards Labor’s anti-communist wing. He split from the ALP in 1957 and stood, unsuccessfully, as a candidate for the breakaway Queensland Labor Party (later the Democratic Labor Party) for the State seat of Flinders (1957-58) and for the Federal electorate of Kennedy (1958). Vehemently opposed to the principle of one vote, one value, in 1964 Katter joined the Country Party, for which he won in 1966 the Federal seat of Kennedy. Re-elected, with increasing margins, a further nine times, he was a powerful advocate of northern interests.
A man of rugged appearance with at all times polished shoes, Katter soon earned a reputation as a no-nonsense member, a `blue heeler’ who `dug his teeth in’, and a `battler’ with a `gloves off’ approach. Regarded as an `old style bush politician’, he became an early hawk on the Vietnam War. Katter later served, from February to December 1972, as minister for the army and, from June 1974 to November 1975, as shadow minister for northern development and the Northern Territory. He was chairman of the parliamentary committee on road safety, and an adviser to the United Nations General Assembly in 1970 and 1984 and during the Zimbabwean elections in 1980. Later he was an inaugural director of the Australian Stockman’s Hall of Fame at Longreach.
Katter did not recontest Kennedy at the 1990 poll. After the death of his first wife in 1971, he had married Joycelyn Marjorie Steel, a secretary, on 22 May 1976 at his old school chapel. Katter was deeply committed to his family, his faith and his constituents. He died on 18 March 1990 at Mount Isa and was buried in Sunset lawn cemetery; his wife and their two sons and daughter survived him, as did the two sons and daughter of his first marriage. His eldest son, Robert, followed him into the House of Representatives in 1993.
* Parliamentary Debates (House of Representatives), 8 May 1990, p 32
* Courier-Mail (Brisbane), 8 Dec 1966, p 10, 19 Mar 1990, p 1
* Review (Melbourne), 29 Jan-4 Feb 1972, p 404
* Australian, 19 Mar 1990, p 3
* Canberra Times, 19 Mar 1990, p 2
* Katter biographical information (Parliamentary Library, Canberra)
* private information.
176. Rev August Ludwig Christian KAVEL, Klemzig- Langmeil SA [1790-1860]
177. Edward John (Ned) KELLY [One who heard the call to save as child, proved when he saved a man from drowning, Champion of Women, Virgin] Quixotic Catholic, an Epitome of Courage.
Edward John (Ned) KELLY -born June 1855 at Beveridge, via Wallan Wallan, Victoria. Son of Tipperary-born John (Red) Kelly and his wife Ellen, née Quinn. - Horseman. Bushman. Timberman. Desperado. Bushranger. Oulaw. Died 11 November 1880, Old Melbourne Gaol, Victoria.